HEALTHY CHILD 2
Involved in the release of energy from carbohydrate. It is important for the brain and nerves, which use glucose for their energy needs.
Deficiency leads to beriberi. Alcoholics sometimes develop deficiency.
Involved in energy release, especially from fat and protein.
Deficiency includes changes to the mucous membrane and skin around the mouth and nose.
Involved in the metabolism of protein.
Deficiency may occur as a complication of disease and drug effects.
Is necessary for the proper formation of blood cells and functioning of the nervous system.
Deficiency leads to pernicious anaemia.
Essential to cell division and in the formation of blood cells. Also involved in homocysteine metabolism. Adequate folate intake prior to conception and in the early stages of pregnancy reduces the risk of neural tube defects in babies.
Deficiency leads to megaloblastic anaemia.