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Know about Phenylketonuria ... 3

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Know about Phenylketonuria ... 3



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Know about Phenylketonuria ... 3
Posted in 2015

Pregnancy and phenylketonuria Woman with PKU may be at risk of complications, including miscarriage, if they don’t follow a PKU meal plan during their childbearing years. There’s also a chance that the unborn baby will be exposed to high levels of phenylalanine. This can lead to various problems in the baby, including: intellectual disabilitiesheart defectsdelayed growthlow birth weightan abnormally small head These signs aren’t immediately noticeable in a newborn, but a doctor will perform tests to check for signs of any medical concerns your child may have. Long-term outlook for people with phenylketonuria The long-term outlook for people with PKU is very good if they follow a PKU meal plan closely and shortly after birth. When diagnosis and treatment are delayed, brain damage may occur. This can lead to intellectual disabil…

Know about Phenylketonuria ... 2

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Know about Phenylketonuria ... 2




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Know about Phenylketonuria ... 2
Posted in 2015

Symptoms of phenylketonuria PKU symptoms can range from mild to severe. The most severe form of this disorder is known as classic PKU. An infant with classic PKU may appear normal for the first few months of their life. If the baby isn’t treated for PKU during this time, they’ll start to develop the following symptoms: seizurestremors, or trembling and shakingstunted growthhyperactivityskin conditions such as eczemaa musty odor of their breath, skin, or urine If PKU isn’t diagnosed at birth and treatment isn’t started quickly, the disorder can cause: irreversible brain damage and intellectual disabilities within the first few months of lifebehavioral problems and seizures in older children A less severe form of PKU is called variant PKU or non-PKU hyperphenylalaninemia. This occurs when the baby has too much phenylalanine in t…

Know about Phenylketonuria ... 1

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Know about Phenylketonuria ... 1






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Know about Phenylketonuria ... 1
Posted in 2015

Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a rare genetic condition that causes an amino acid called phenylalanine to build up in the body. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. Phenylalanine is found in all proteins and some artificial sweeteners.
Phenylalanine hydroxylase is an enzyme your body uses to convert phenylalanine into tyrosine, which your body needs to create neurotransmitters such as epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine. PKU is caused by a defect in the gene that helps create phenylalanine hydroxylase. When this enzyme is missing, your body can’t break down phenylalanine. This causes a buildup of phenylalanine in your body. Babies in the United States are screened for PKU shortly after birth. The condition is uncommon in this country, only affecting about 1 in 10,000 to 15,000 newborns each year. The severe signs …

Risk of Cerebral palsy

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Risk of Cerebral palsy




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Risk of Cerebral palsy
Posted in 2015

Certain factors put babies at an increased risk for CP. These include: premature birthlow birth weightbeing a twin or tripleta low Apgar score, which is used to assess the physical health of babies at birthbreech birth, which occurs when your baby’s buttocks or feet come out firstRh incompatibility, which occurs when a mother’s blood Rh type is incompatible with her baby’s blood Rh typematernal exposure to toxic substances, such as methylmercury, while pregnant What are the different types of cerebral palsy? There are different types of CP that affect various parts of the brain. Each type causes specific movement disorders. The types of CP are: Spastic cerebral palsy Spastic CP is the most common type of CP, affecting approximately 80 percent of people with CP. It causes stiff muscles and exaggerated reflexes, making it difficult to walk. Many p…

Causes of Cerebral palsy

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Causes of Cerebral palsy


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Causes of Cerebral palsy
Posted  in 2015

Abnormal brain development or injury to the developing brain can cause CP. The damage affects the part of the brain that controls body movement, coordination, and posture. The brain damage usually occurs before birth, but it can also happen during birth or the first years of life. In most cases, the exact cause of CP isn’t known. Some of the possible causes include: asphyxia neonatorum, or a lack of oxygen to the brain during labor and deliverygene mutations that result in abnormal brain developmentsevere jaundice in the infantmaternal infections, such German measles and herpes simplexbrain infections, such as enephalitis and meningitisintracranial hemorrhage, or bleeding into the brainhead injuries as a result of a car accident, a fall, or child abuseMy advise 1...  The child's brain during in your womb requires 60% water and sufficien…

Causes of mental retardation cerebral palsy i.e brain

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Causes of mental retardation cerebral palsy i.e brain




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Causes of mental retardation cerebral palsy i.e brain
Posted in 2015

Cerebral palsy (CP) refers to a group of disorders that affect muscle movement and coordination. In many cases, vision, hearing, and sensation are also affected. The word “cerebral” means having to do with the brain. The word “palsy” means weakness or problems with body movement. CP is the most common cause of motor disabilities in childhood. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it affects at least 1.5 to 4 out of every 1,000 children worldwide.
What are the symptoms of cerebral palsy? The symptoms of CP vary from person-to-person and range from mild to severe. Some people with CP may have difficulty walking and sitting. Other people with CP can have trouble grasping objects. The symptoms can become more severe or less severe over time. They also vary de…

Causes of mental retardation in young n middle aged

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Causes of mental retardation in young n middle aged


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Causes of mental retardation in young n middle aged
Posted in 2015

Symptoms in young and middle-aged adults include: chronic headachesloss of coordinationdifficulty walkingbladder problemsvision problemspoor memorydifficulty concentrating Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) This form of the condition usually begins slowly and is more common in adults over the age of 60. One of the earliest signs is falling suddenly without losing consciousness. Other common symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) include: changes in the way you walkimpaired mental functions, such as memory problemstrouble controlling urinetrouble controlling stoolsheadachesMy advise 1...  The child's brain during in your womb requires 60% water and sufficient oxygen to open all cells.  The mother has to supply it daily failing which he may be mental retarded.
2... Supply above …

Causes of Mental retardation in adults

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Causes of Mental retardation in adults





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Causes of Mental retardation in adults
Posted in 2015

Normal pressure of hydrocephalus

When hydrocephalus occurs in adults, CSF levels rise but the amount of pressure is usually normal. It still causes the brain to swell and can lead to impaired functioning. In adults, this condition usually results from conditions that prevent CSF from flowing. However, in some cases, there is no known cause. You might be at higher risk if you’ve experienced any of the following: brain-related infections such as meningitishead injuriesbleeding from a blood vessel in your brainbrain surgery
Recognizing potential signs of hydrocephalus Hydrocephalus can cause permanent brain damage, so it’s important that you recognize symptoms of this condition and seek medical attention. The condition is more common in children, but it can affect people of any age. Infants Early signs of hydrocephal…

Causes of mental retardation births ..2

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Causes of mental retardation births  ..2




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Causes of mental retardation births  ..2
Posted in 2015

Hydrocephalus ...Water in brain


Hydrocephalus is a condition that occurs when fluid builds up in the skull and causes the brain to swell. The name means “water on the brain.” Brain damage can occur as a result of the fluid buildup. This can lead to developmental, physical, and intellectual impairments. It requires treatment to prevent serious complications. Hydrocephalus mainly occurs in children and adults over 60, but younger adults can get it too. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) estimates that 1 to 2 of every 1,000 babies are born with hydrocephalus. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flows through your brain and spinal cord in normal conditions. Under certainconditions, the amount of CSF in your brain increases. The amount of CSF can increase when: a blockage develops that preve…

Causes of Mental retardation births ...1

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Causes of Mental retardation births ...1




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Causes of Mental retardation births ...1
Posted in 2015
Down syndrome (sometimes called Down’s syndrome) is a condition in which a child is born with an extra copy of their 21st chromosome — hence its other name, trisomy 21. This causes physical and mental developmental delays and disabilities. Many of the disabilities are lifelong, and they can also shorten life expectancy. However, people with Down syndrome can live healthy and fulfilling lives. Recent medical advances, as well as cultural and institutional support for people with Down syndrome and their families, provides many opportunities to help overcome the challenges of this condition.
What causes Down syndrome? In all cases of reproduction, both parents pass their genes on to their children. These genes are carried in chromosomes. When the baby’s cells develop, each cell is supposed to receive 23 pairs of…

Adverse effects on your child's development

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Adverse effects on your child's development



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Adverse effects on your child's development
Posted in 2015



Although the womb provides protection, the fetus remains indirectly connected to the outside world through its mother. Several factors that are linked to the mother can harm the fetus: Poor nutritionUse of alcoholSmokingUse of certain prescription or over-the-counter drugsUse of recreational drugs such as cocaine, sedatives, and narcoticsX-rays and other kinds of radiationIngested toxins, such as leadIllnesses such as AIDS, German measles, syphilis, cholera, smallpox, mumps, or severe fluFetal Alcohol Syndrome Mothers who drink heavily during pregnancy may have babies with fetal alcohol syndrome. Babies with this syndrome may have problems such as small head size, heart defects, irritability, hyperactivity, mental retardation, or slowed motor development. Fetal alcohol syndrome is incurable. My …

Your food supports your child's brain

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Your food supports your child's brain 



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Your food supports your child's brain
Posted in 2015

Because your baby's nervous system starts developing right out of the starting gates, it's important to consume 400 micrograms of folate (aka folic acid or vitamin B) daily as soon as you think you might want to get pregnant. This nutrient is imperative for fetal cell growth, tissue development and DNA — and consuming enough before (and early in) pregnancy reduces a baby's chance of serious neural tube defects (like spina bifida) by 70 percent. Emerging research in the Journal of the American Medical Association also suggests that the nutrient can reduce the chances your child will be born with an autism spectrum disorder by up to 40 percent. So take your prenatal vitamin (which should have at least 400 mcg), and make sure to eat plenty of folate-rich foods (like leafy greens and whole grains)…