Birth defects...Lung problems General

Birth defects...Lung problems General

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Birth defects...Lung problems General
Posted in 2014

What is chronic lung disease?

By definition, any newborn suffering from lung problems has chronic lung disease. Neonatal respiratory problems most often affect premature babies who have underdeveloped lungs but they also can affect full term babies who have underlying illnesses.

How common is chronic lung disease in infants?

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (the most common type of chronic lung disease) occurs in 20% percent of the 60,000 newborns in the U.S. who weigh less than 1,500 grams at birth.

What are the causes of chronic lung disease in infants?

Among other complex causes are prematurity, illness or infection and side effects of needed mechanical ventilation and supplemental oxygen.

What are the symptoms of chronic lung disease in infants?

Among other symptoms, there is rapid and difficult breathing and grunting; flared nostrils and weight loss.

How is chronic lung disease diagnosed?

It is diagnosed following a physical examination, testing for blood gases, and chest X-rays.

What are the treatments for chronic lung disease?

Treatment includes breathing support and medications to treat infections and inflammation.

What are some risk factors of chronic lung disease in infants?

Some risk factors include: prematurity, low birth weight, infections in the mother and secondary inflammation in the mother and womb, following an infection.
American Lung Association
March of Dimes

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